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Research Fields


Green Energy development

Objectives of Research

Chemical power source is a key technique to realize the storage, conversion, and utilization of the new energy. Our institute aims to develop various materials and devices for chemical power source, and promote the application of chemical power source for new energy and sustainability.

 

Main Research Areas

(i) Nickel-based alkaline batteries: Ni-MH battery, Ni-Fe battery

(ii) Lithium-based batteries:Li-ion batteries, Li-S battery, and Li-air battery

(iii) Fuel cells:Proton exchange membrane fuel cell, Solid oxide fuel cell

(iv) Supercapacitors: Electric double-layer capacitor, Pseudocapacitor

 

Research highlights

Various materials were developed to address the key issues of batteries or capacitors:

Ÿ   Low-temperature hydrogen storage alloy for Ni-MH battery.

Ÿ   C/LiFePO4/Graphite composite with 3D conducing network,exhibiting a high rate capability as cathode for Li-ion battery.

Ÿ   Biomass-based hierarchically porous carbon materials as an ultra-high capacity anode for Li-ion battery.

Ÿ   Self-assembly of high-rate and low-cost Graphite@S composite for Li-S battery.

Ÿ   In situ formation of Pd nanolayer as a bifunctional catalyst for Li-air battery.

Ÿ   TiCN/TiN self-supporting catalyst with superior ORR catalysis for PEMFC.

Ÿ   3D-nanonet hollow structured Co3O4 with high capacity and high rate capability for pseudocapacitor.

 

Examples of Application

Ÿ   Manufactory of hydrogen storage alloy and Ni-MH battery

-    Technology transfer: Low-temperature AB5-type alloy.

-    Joint development:

Wide-temperature Ni-MH power battery.

-    Joint development:

Ni-MH battery-based pure electric bus, which can travel ~300 km with a single charge.

 Ÿ   Manufactory of LiFePO4 material and Li-ion battery

-    Technology transfer:

Low-cost and high-performance LiFePO4 cathode material. (Annual output: 3000 T)

-    Joint development:

LiFePO4–based Li-ion power battery. (Anticipated annual output: 100 million Ah)

Hydrogen as a clean and renewable energy resource is regarded as a promising future energy carrier. Our team aims to develop a variety of hydrogen storage materials and relative technologies, promote their applications in the field of new energy (such as portable power supply, emergency power, new energy vehicles, etc.), and advance both new energy and low-carbon technologies through basic and applied research.

 

Main Research Areas

Ÿ   Hydrogen storage alloys: V-Ti based solid solutions, RE-Ni based alloys

Ÿ   Hydrogen storage technology: Hydrogen storage tank

Ÿ   Hydrogen generation by hydrolysis: NaBH4-based compositesMg-Ca based composites

Ÿ   Hydrogen power supply by hydrolysis: Hydrogen power supply devices using NaBH4-based or Mg-Ca based composite by hydrolysis

Ÿ   The connector materials for SOFC: Fe-Cr based ferritic connector and its coating materials

Main Research Results

Various hydrogen storage materials and new hydrogen storage technologies are developed to address the key scientific and technological issues of hydrogen storage systems. The related research results are published in internationally renowned academic journals, such as J. Power Sources, Inter. J. Hydrogen Energy, J. Alloys Compd, Mater. Sci. Eng. A. The representative work is listed as follows:

Ÿ   High capacity V-Ti based solid solution alloys: First developed the V-Ti-Cr-Fe quaternary alloy system, of which the optimal absorbs hydrogen saturatedly within 6 minutes without activation and releases 3.0wt% H2 under mild conditions.

Ÿ   V-Ti based hydrogen storage alloy tank The designed 20 MPa hydrogen storage tank can store 45 m3 H2, and the hydrogen storage density of the system is ~1.6 wt %.

Ÿ   Hydrogen generation by hydrolysis: The H2 yield of NaBH4-based composite is over 2300mL·H2/gthe hydrogen yield of Mg-Ca based composite exceeds 1400mL·H2/gand its conversion rate is about 70% even at 0.

Ÿ   Hydrogen power supply by hydrolysis: Developed two generations of hydrogen power supply devices using NaBH4-based or Mg-Ca based composite by hydrolysis, which can charge smart phones or other small appliances and equip emergency power.

Ÿ   The connector materials for SOFC: Developed high-oxidation-resistant and high-electrical-conductive Fe-Cr based ferritic alloy connector and the coating materials, which can be used in mesothermal SOFC.

 

Examples of Application

Ÿ   Fuel cell bicycle

-    Technology transferHigh capacity V-Ti based solid solution alloy

-    Fuel cell bicycle supported by V-Ti based solid solution alloy, which can travel ~100 km with a single H2 uptake.

 Ÿ   Hydrogen power supply by hydrolysis:

-    The second-generation hydrogen power supply with 15g Mg-Ca based composites can charge i-phone for 5 times with a single charge.

 Research Objectives

Develop new processes to use biomass comprehensively based on genetic improvement, new catalytic materials and new chemical reaction engineering. Breed high efficient cultivation of bioenergy plants. Develop high efficient clean new technology to produce liquid fuels from biomass based on multi-functional catalysts. Develop new separation technology for biomass based on new solvents.

 

Main Research Areas

    High efficient cultivation of bioenergy plantsSelection of superior quality seeds for breeding, selection of breeding based on biomass and high yield of oil, establishment of breed seeds storage, establishment of seedling cultivation.

     Microalgae BreedingSelection of oil rich microalgae for breeding, screening of superior breeds and establishment of microalgae cultivation, and solving key problems in biomass production, lipid content, etc.

     The Conversion of Biodiesel: Standardization of key factors for production of biodiesel from raw material, clean and high efficiency biodiesel transformation, and by-products application.

     Plant oil refining to produce aircraft biofuel: Aim to develop a technology for production of aircraft biofuel, which is simple to operate with mild reaction conditions. Develop more stable catalyst, in order to solve the technology difficulties such as stability and thermal stability of catalyst; and improve the quality of the production.

     The biomass pyrolytic liquefaction to produce bio-fuels: research on key catalyst synthesis technology and catalyze the process to deoxidization and raise the heat value during the biomass product bio-fuel by pyrolytic or catalyze pyrolytic.

 

Main Research Achievements

We finished a lot of projects about biomass energy from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (General Program; Key Program), National Key Technology R&D Program of the Ministry of Science and Technology, Research Foundation from Ministry of Education of China, The  Doctoral Fund of Ministry of Education of China, etc.  The research results were published on international journals, such as Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., Biotechnol. Adv., RSC Adv., Chem. Eng. J., Bioresour. Technol., Biomass Bioenergy, J. Chem. Eng. Data, and Energy Fuels. Typical works are as following

Ÿ   Establish an industry chain for the industrial comprehensive utilization of Jatropha curcas L. oil, in which biodiesel is produced from Jatropha curcas L. oil, living insecticide, high-value bio healthcare product and bio-fertilizer are byproducts.

  We successfully developed a subcritical transesterification process for biodiesel production and a compact transesterification reactor for simultaneous reaction and separation.

Ÿ   Patent “Quick and clean process for preparing biological diesel oil with esterification/ ester exchange reaction” was issued.

Ÿ   Establish database for the application of biodiesel. It supplies basic data of biodiesel for storage, transport and utilization.

Ÿ   As a byproduct of biodiesel process, glycerol is used to produce chemicals with high value to improve the economy. The selective hydrogenation of glycerol to produce 1,3 and 1,2-propanediol was studied. The conversion exceeded 85% and the selectivity was more than 90%. New catalyst was adopted in the transesterification of glycerol and oil to produce monoglyceride. And the reaction temperature can be as low as 60℃.

 

Selected Applications

 

    Selection of biomass energy plant varieties and demonstration of tissue culture technology: we have cultivated four new varieties of woody biomass plant Jatropha and got professional institute approval to set up the supporting system for high-yield cultivation technology and demonstration, and 11 technical specification system.

     Biodiesel Production: Build a continuous process to produce biodiesel in lab and a pilot plant to produce biodiesel( 20000 tons/y )

     Development of small-scale solar-biodiesel device: Developed a solar integrated biodiesel-producing device using solar heater and solar power for Jatropha, Chinese pistache and sorbifolia. This device can also be used to convert other biomass feedstock to national standard biodiesel (GB / T20828-2007).     


Purification and Utilization of Flue Gas

Research  purpose :

·Technology development of flue gas purification, including desulfurization, denitration, and decarbonization.

·Technology transfer for flue gas desulfurization, denitration, and decarbonization.

·Promoting industrial application of technologies for desulfurization, denitration, and decarbonization.

·Cultivating and developing the low-carbon environmental protection industry of flue gas desulfurization, denitration , and decarburization.

 

Research field:

·Materials in energy and environment

·Technology and equipment of flue gas desulfurization

·Technology and equipment of flue gas denitration

·Technology and equipment of flue gas decarbonization

·Technology of flue gas emission reduction and utilization

 

Research achievements:

·New catalytic method flue gas desulfurization technology

·Low temperature flue gas denitration technology

·Ore pulp method flue gas desulfurization and resource recovery technology

·Computational simulation and mechanism research of flue gas desulfurization, denitration, and  decarburization

 

Application examples

·In the 2011, the first set of sulfuric acid tail gas treatment project——Daye Nonferrous 9.8104 tons of sulfuric acid tail gas treatment project. It was listed in the non-electric power industry demonstration projects of FGD by the national development and reform commission.

·In the 2012 , the first set of nonferrous smelting flue gas desulfurization project --- Jiyuan Jinli fuming furnace and  reduction furnace flue gas desulfurization project.

·In the 2012, the first set of small volume of sulfuric acid tail gas treatment project---8104 tons of sulfuric acid tail gas treatment project in Chunxiang, Chemical Industry Co., Chongqing of China .

·In the 2013, 1.2 million tons of sulfuric acid tail gas treatment project in Sinochem Fuling Chongqing Chemical Industry Co. .

·In the 2014, pilot scale test of deep desulphurization plus low temperature denitration in the Zhejiang , Jiaxing.

Purification of the emission from mobile source

Research Team

Yaoqiang Chen      Professor       Ming Zhao         Professor

Jianli Wang    Associate Professor   Zhonghua Shi  Associate Professor

Haidi Xu     Assistant Researcher

Research Objective

Air pollution is too serious to harm the human’s health with the increse of the emissions from the mobile source. Our team aims to develop the carrier materials with high performance to adapt to various emissions characteristics, develop various exhaust purification catalyst to meet different emission standards, and finally complete the transformation of achievements Thus, the basic research and practical application together promote the development of low-carbon, saving energy and reducing emission.

Main research fields

Carrier materials with high performance

Catalyst used in purification of motorcycle’s exhaust

Catalyst used in purification of gasoline vehicle’s exhaust

Catalyst used in purification of diesel vehicle’s exhaust

Catalyst used in purification of compressed natural gas vehicle’s exhaust

Research Objectives

Currently technologies for CO2 emission reduction and utilization suffer from high cost and energy consumption. Developing a energy-saving and economical CO2 reduction routine is a challenge of the low carbon technologies. Our group explored new CO2 reduction methods to utilize the reaction energy in CO2 reaction, in which the CO2 was used as a resource to convert it to the chemicals.

Main Research Areas

Ÿ   The basic principles and experimental study of harvesting electricity from CO2 mineralization

Ÿ   Activation of raw materials used for CO2 mineralization and electricity recovery

Ÿ   Mineralization of CO2 using natural salts with coproduction of marketable carbonates

Ÿ   Mineralization of CO2 using natural silicates with coproduction of porous silica and carbonates

Ÿ   Simultaneous mineralization of CO2 and recovery of soluble potassium using earth-abundant potassium feldspar

Research highlights

Our group proposed a novel method to harvest electricity from CO2 mineralization. It is a unique energy-output way to dispose CO2 worldwide. Related research achievements have been published in Science China and reported by Nature. The representative works are as follows:

- CO2 mineralization is thermodynamically favorable and energy releasing process. Recovering the reaction energy is a challenge and it has never been reported so far. Our group proposed a novel method was developed a CO2 Mineralized Fuel Cell (CMFC) to harvest electrical energy from CO2 mineralization, it is with self-owned intellectual property right.

- A novel membrane electrolysis based CO2 mineralization method was proposed to fix CO2 and coproduce marketable chemicals with low energy consumption

 

Selected Applications

When slide slag and sodium sulfate were used as raw materials for CO2 mineralization via CMFC system, The peak output power reached 34.5 W/m2. And the output peak open circuit voltage reached 0.552 V. The method was proved being feasible to directly mineralize simulating flue gaswhich CO2 concentration is normally about 11.83 %. 

RESEARCH OBJECTIVES

A novel strategy for CO2 emission reduction is a coupled technique using the co-activated natural minerals and of industrial solid waste, such as potassium feldspar and phosphorus gypsum for mineralization and  utilization of CO2. The basic researches, such as the relationships between the structures and physical/chemical properties, the activation and mineralization mechanism, are carried out to provide the basis for the industry applications.

MAIN RESEARCH AREAS

Mineralization of CO2 Using Natural K-Feldspar and Industrial Solid Waste to Produce Soluble Potash Fertilizer

Using Mineralization Slag to Produce  Building Materials

Environmental, Technical, Economic and Life Cycle Assessment of  CO2 Mineralization

 

RESEARCH RESULTS

A novel CO2 mineralization process using natural insoluble K-feldspar and industrial solid waste has been developed. Through reaction process intensification, reaction mechanism study and the technology economy evaluation, two industrial demonstration units based on this technology were built in Sichuan University.

    12 academic articles were published in chemical or environmental journals such as  IECR (2), Environ. Earth Sci., and Journal of Chemical Industry & Engineering. A recent mineralization review invited by the Chinese academy  of Engineering was published on  first issue of Engineering.

 

SELECTED APPLICATION

A Pilot Scale Deviceof CO2 Mineralization with 300 t/a. Potassium Feldspar in Sichuan Hongda Co., Ltd

A Pilot Plant of CO2 Mineralization with 5000 t/a. Potassium Feldspar in Xichang Landing Environmental Protection

Technology Co., Ltd

Research Objectives

A novel CCUCO2 capture and utilization process of flue gas CO2 direct mineralization with industrial waste phosphogypsum for coproduction of ammonium sulfate as N-S compound fertilizer is developed in our group. We focus on the thermodynamics and kinetics study and process innovation to theoretically and technologically support the demonstration project.

 Main Research Areas

Ÿ  Gas-liquid reaction and mass transfer Chemical absorption and mass transfer enhanced by reactive particles

Ÿ  Multi-phase transfer and reaction crystallization kinetics:

CaSO4·2H2O dissolution kinetics and CaCO3 crystallization kinetics

Ÿ  Deep purification of flue gas

Removal of CO2 and SO2 in CO2-NH3-SO42--H2O quaternary system and emit SO2<10ppm, CO2<10ppm

Ÿ  Gas-liquid-solid three phase reaction process and reactor develop

Three-phase fluidization & mineralization reactor technology

Ÿ  Process optimization and design

Waste water close-recycling, stepwise utilization of waste heat of flue gas and mineralization reaction

 

Low-carbon urban and rural development

Objectives

Anthropogenic activities in urban and rural areas are one of the most important CO2 sources on earth. Based on the situations of specific rural and urban areas, we aim to achieve low-carbon development and protect environment through low-carbon development planning, improvement of industrial structure, and application of technologies such as alternative energy, ecological engineering, and low-carbon building.

 

Major research areas

Ø  Low-carbon planning based on local situations.

Ø  Ecological conservation: application of ecological theories and engineering in order to protect environment and reduce CO2 emissions.

Ø  Low-carbon building: low-carbon construction materials such as regenerated concrete and wallboard, carbon-emission forecasting theory of buildings, energy-conservation and emission-reduction technologies, and low-carbon assessment methods for the whole life cycle of building environment, including architectural planning, design optimization, operation and management, maintenance, demolition, disposal and recycling of construction waste.

Ø  Low-carbon community models: application of alternative energy, ecological engineering, low-carbon building, and other technologies in order to build low-carbon community models.

 

Major achievements

Ø  Low-carbon rural development: bioenergy production in marginal lands, along highway and at household surroundings for featured and pillar industries at Ningnan County, Sichuan.

Ø  Plant-based slope-to-terrace technology: application of nitrogen fixing plant fence at the dry-hot valley of Jinsha River in order to control water and soil loss, improve soil quality, and reduce the use of chemical fertilizers and the emissions of CO2 from soils.

Ø  Building Sichuanese low-carbon city models with existing SPF outputs: (1) strengthening low-carbon-related international collaboration and (2) making low-carbon development strategies and action plans for Chengdu and Guangyuan.

Low-Carbon Policy

Research Objectives:

       Assessment of the potential impact of pertinent technologies and effective implementation is the key to achieve the goals of any energy, environmental and climate change policies and programs that are designed to protect our environment and natural resources. Our research involves environmental assessment of new energy and low-carbon technologies, and empirical analysis of how the relevant laws, policies and programs have been implemented in practice, identifies what works and what does not, and explores why things do not work the way they are designed for. The results provide empirical evidences for improving the environmental decision-making and implementation.

 

Research Areas

l  Environmental Governance

²  Project: “Reduction of Major Pollutants: An Investigation of Verification Mechanism,Pollution Transfer in China: Exploring Ecological and Public Health Impacts;

l  Environmental Rule of Law and Legal Institutions

²  Project: “Role of Judicial Review in Environmental Public Interests Litigation in China”;

l  Public Participation in Environmental Rule-making and Implementation

²  Project: Role of Information Disclosure in the Implementation of Chinas New Environmental Protection Law;

l  Environmental Impact of new energy development

²  Project: Environmental Sustainability Assessment of the First Generation Biofuels and Corn-stover-derived Ethanol, “Environmental Standards, Pollution Prevention and Public Participation in China’s Shale Gas Development”;

l  Formulation and Implementation of Climate Change Policies

²  Completed Project: International Practice in Compiling the Greenhouse Gas Emission Inventories;

l  Theory and Applications of Industry Ecology

²  Project: Convergence of Industry Ecology and Earth System Analysis in the Anthropocene;

l  Sustainability Assessment of Technologies based on Life Cycle Assessment

²  Project: Development of Chinese Core Life Cycle Database (CLCD), Life Cycle Assessment and Nitrogen Pollutant Emission Dynamics, Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Titania Production in Panzhihua, China;

 


Copyright©2014-2015[Institute of New Energy and Low-Carbon Technology]

Campus address:

Jiang’an Campus: Chuanda Road ,Shuangliu County,Chengdu,610207

Website :http://inelt.scu.edu.cn      TEL:028-62138375     FAX:028-62138325